Female’s Health: Irregular Menstrual Periods

Irregular Menstrual Periods

Menstrual periods usually last between four to seven days and occur approximately every 28 days. However, periods are considered irregular if they:

– Occur less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart
– Are missed for three or more consecutive months
– Have a significantly heavier or lighter menstrual flow than usual

These irregularities can be a sign of an underlying hormonal or reproductive issue, and consulting a healthcare provider is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Irregular Menstrual Periods

Menstrual cycle irregularities are a common issue among women, affecting up to 30% of women of reproductive age. These irregularities can manifest in various ways, including:

1. Irregular periods: Infrequent or prolonged periods, or periods that are heavier or lighter than usual.
2. Amenorrhea: The absence of periods for three or more consecutive months.
3. Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent periods, defined as fewer than six periods per year.
4. Menorrhagia: Heavy and prolonged periods, often lasting more than seven days.
5. Polymenorrhea: Frequent periods, occurring more often than every 21 days.
6. Dysmenorrhea: Painful periods, often accompanied by cramping, bloating, and mood changes.

Causes of menstrual cycle irregularities include:

1. Hormonal imbalances: Fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels can disrupt ovulation and menstruation.
2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder affecting ovulation and menstruation.
3. Thyroid disorders: Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism can affect menstrual regularity.
4. Stress: Physical or emotional stress can disrupt hormonal balance and menstrual cycles.
5. Weight changes: Significant weight gain or loss can affect hormone production and menstruation.
6. Birth control: Starting or stopping hormonal contraceptives can cause irregular periods.
7. Uterine fibroids or polyps: Growths in the uterus can cause heavy or irregular bleeding.
8. Endometriosis: A condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing pain and irregular bleeding.

Symptoms of menstrual cycle irregularities may include:

– Unpredictable or heavy bleeding
– Prolonged or absent periods
– Pelvic pain or cramping
– Mood changes or anxiety
– Fatigue or weakness
– Weight changes

If you experience any of these symptoms, consult a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and treatment. They may recommend:

1. Hormonal contraceptives or supplements
2. Lifestyle changes (e.g., diet, exercise, stress management)
3. Medical procedures (e.g., endometrial ablation, fibroid removal)
4. Fertility treatments (e.g., ovulation induction, in vitro fertilization)

Remember, menstrual cycle irregularities can be a sign of an underlying condition, so seeking medical attention is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment. Consult with an experienced gynecologist now on Virtual Doctors App if you are experiencing menstrual irregularities at www.virtualdoctors.ng


Sources: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14633-abnormal-menstruation-periods